The word Sunnah literally means a clear, well trodden, busy and plain surfaced road. In the discussion of the sources of religion, Sunnah denotes the practice of Prophet Muhammad mercy and peace he upon him that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the shari-ah and the best exemplar. According to Muslim belief, this practice is to be adhered to in fulfilling the divine injunctions, carrying out religious rites and moulding life in accord with the will of Allah. To institute these practices was, the Qur’an states, a part of the Prophet’s responsibility as a Messenger of Allah [Qur’an 3:164][Qur’an 33:21]

The sunnah of prophet Muhammad includes his specific words, habits, practices, and silent approvals. It is significant because it addresses ways of life dealing with friends, family and government. Recording sunnah was an Arabian tradition and, once people reverted to Islam, they brought this custom to their religion. The sunnah is consulted after referring to the Qur’an, if the issue is not addressed there.